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Citation Style Guides: Chicago/ Turabian

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Parenthetical Citations (in-text) Sec. 18.3:

As long as you have an accurate Works Cited page, you follow this format: (author date, page number). (Bloom 1993, 135).

If there is no date, use n.d.: (Bloom n.d., 135).

If there are two authors with the same surname, use first initial of first name: (H. Bloom 1993, 135).

If there is no author, list the title of the work: (Great Trigonometrical Survey 1863, 26).

You may use abbreviations for common words (Sec. 6.4.5): (Natl. Res. Council 135).


Citing E-resources Sec. 17.1.10

Chicago Style requires URLs for e-resources.  However, the style editors realize that URLs are frequently changing.  They advise including as much information as possible for others to locate your sources.  This includes adding a brief phrase to direct readers to parts of e-resources, especially webpages without page numbers.


Double or Single Spacing? Sec. A.1.3:


Most things should be double spaced. The exceptions are:

1) block quotations

2) titles and captions

3) table of contents, lists of figures, tables, and abbreviations

4) footnotes/ endnotes

5) Bibliographies/ Reference list


Spacing after punctuation marks.

There should be only 1 character space after punctuation marks.  This includes the ends of sentences.

Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. Sec. 2.12

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